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Controlling Mosquitoes

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Mosquito Control-Mosquito Extermination

Mosquitoes carry three of the major diseases that plague horses today. These include the West Nile virus, Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis, and Western Equine Encephalomyelitis. The response to infection can range from very mild symptoms like lethargy and loss of appetite all the way to coma or death. Prevention of mosquito bites, therefore, is crucial to the wellbeing of your horse. Another concern closer to home is flies on dogs, fly control will be another issue I address soon, as well as how to get rid of flies in the house.mosquito control

Mosquito life cycle

There are currently 150 species of mosquitoes in the United States, and while they vary in size and demeanor, they all share the same life cycle.

Mosquitoes begin their lives in an egg. The female mosquito will deposit her eggs in standing water, singly or as a group in a floating raft. The amount of water necessary for laying eggs is surprisingly small; an egg can hatch in as little as two tablespoons of water. The exception to this rule is the Aedes mosquito, which is responsible for spreading Dengue and Yellow Fever. The female generally lays her eggs above water and waits for floodwaters to hatch them. Aedes mosquito eggs can survive long periods of time before hatching.

About a week after the eggs are laid, they emerge into larvae or “wigglers.” At this stage, no amount of mosquito repellent will harm them more than it impacts the environment. The wigglers live on the surface of the water they were hatched in and breathe through a siphon while feeding on organic matter and microorganisms. Mosquito larvae typically molt 4 times in the larval stage and grow larger each time they shed their skin. Extermination and fumigation is usually most effective when it is targeted toward mosquitoes in their larval state; not only are the wigglers vulnerable to a host of predators, they are also susceptible to pesticides designed to kill or halt their growth.

The third stage of the mosquito’s life cycle is that of a pupa. These mosquitoes are called “tumblers.” The tumbler’s life stage is one of rest; they do not eat during this time. The pupa lives in this state from one to four days, before transforming into an adult mosquito. Pest control products designed to eliminate mosquitoes in the larval state will usually be effective on tumblers as well.

The fourth and final stage of mosquito development in adulthood. When the transition is complete, the adult will break open the pupa case and crawl into a safe area to rest. The mosquito’s wings will dry from the water he has been living in since his egg was laid. His external skeleton will also harden until the time he is strong enough to fly away and live on land.

The adult mosquito’s first orders of business are to feed and to mate. Male mosquitoes do not drink blood, preferring to dine on sugary fluids like flower nectar. Females generally mate rather quickly after emerging from the pupa and then take a blood meal to provide their eggs with protein so that the circle of life can continue.

Mosquito control

There are a variety of ways to protect your horses from mosquitoes. Best results are attained by adapting two or more principles, instead of relying upon a single step for mosquito management.

Reducing mosquito population

This step is accomplished by reducing mosquito breeding as much as possible. Adult males swarm in areas with tall grasses or weeds to signal a mate. Managing these locales is a simple way to decrease population. Another is to promptly dry up and clean any areas that rainfall collects, like tire ruts or in old tree stumps. Care should also be taken to maintain sanitary drinking water for your horses, as this is an area mosquitoes are drawn to.

Sprays and traps

An automatic mosquito spray system or premise spray can be used in horse stalls to address mosquito control. A mosquito trap is a new option to consider as well. Traps lure mosquitoes through a combination of sounds and/or lights into their fans. Once inside, mosquitoes cannot escape and are trapped in a bag or reservoir until their bodies are disposed of.

Physical barriers for horses to wear

Mosquito bites can be reduced by physically preventing the insects from coming into contact with the horse. Items to consider include leg wraps, fly sheets, and face masks. These items can be sprayed with mosquito repellent for further protection. Caution should be used when applying physical barriers to horses as they can become tangled quite easily or overheat an animal during the hot summer months.

Mosquito repellents and insecticides

There are a variety of sprays, concentrates, lotions, and gels that are approved for use on horses, including pyrethrins, citronella, eucalyptus, and DEET. Test a small amount on your horse before applying the product, as some horses are sensitive to these chemicals. A mosquito repellent or insecticide should also be reapplied after exercising your horse, as they tend to sweat off.

Personal Injury Law- Truck Accident Attorneys

Personal Injury Law- Truck Accident Attorneys

Truck Accidents causes can be divided into three distinct categories. They can be weather-related, equipment failure-related, or simply caused by the driver. In some cases, it can be a combination of more than one reason. For example, a driver going too fast when the road was slick due to rain or snow can cause a crash. Here in Texas, fog sometimes in combination with smoke from wildfires is a significant contributor to major truck accidents and deaths. truck accident attorneys18 wheeler accident attorneys

If you have been involved in an accident with a heavy truck it is important that you seek the advice of a trucking accident lawyer, who understands the issues and causes of these types of accidents.

The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), the agency responsible for overseeing America’s truck industry has developed a Safety Measurement System (SMS) to help in the task of improving highway safety in the truck industry. This system uses seven Behavior Analysis and Safety Improvement Categories (BASICs) to evaluate the safety performance of truck companies. They are:

UNSAFE DRIVING – Operating in a careless or reckless manner. Method of evaluation – Traffic Violations: Speeding, Reckless Driving, Improper Lane Changes and Inattention.
FATIGUED DRIVING – Drivers who are ill, fatigued or violate the Hours-of-Service (HOS) regulations. Method of evaluation – Exceeding HOS, and incomplete or inaccurate logbook, and operating the truck while ill or tired.
DRIVER FITNESS – Drivers who are unfit because of lack of sufficient training, experience, or medical conditions.
CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES and ALCOHOL – Drivers who are impaired due to alcohol, illegal drugs, or misuse of either prescription or over-the-counter medications. Method of evaluation: citations for use or possession of controlled substances or alcohol.
VEHICLE MAINTENANCE– Failure to properly maintain equipment. Method of evaluation: citations for brakes, lights, and other mechanical defects as well as failure to make required repairs.
CARGO RELATED – Failure to prevent shifting loads, spilling cargo, and unsafe handling of hazardous materials. Method of evaluation: Citations for improper load securement, cargo retention, and hazardous material handling.
CRASH INDICATOR – An evaluation of trucking companies’ crash history based on data from State provided crash reports which help identify histories or patterns of the high number of crashes, including both the frequency and severity of such accidents. semi-truck accident lawyers commercial truck accident lawyers

Most truck drivers are paid on a “per mile” basis. The more miles that a driver completes, the larger that his paycheck will be. While the maximum number of hours a driver is supposed to complete is mandated by the HOS, keeping track of those hours is the sole responsibility of the driver himself. It’s similar to the fox guarding the chicken coop. Some drivers have even been known to keep dual paper logs. One for the truck, the second for their paycheck. If they will cheat their employer, they will do almost anything illegal.

Accidents with heavy trucks can cause life-changing injuries and often, death. Truck drivers who have been negligent must be made to pay. Your case could help make the highways safer for others. So how do you choose a lawyer?

Here are some things to consider:

The number of years your lawyer has been litigating these cases.
The understanding your attorney has for what is involved in cases such as yours.
An attorney with a good track record is essential.
The attorney has been recognized by law associations with awards and distinctions.
Truck drivers have a difficult job and in these economic times, the temptation to cheat must be very high. But you, as an accident victim, should not have to pay for the mistakes of others! If you have been involved in such an accident it is prudent that you contact a truck accident lawyer to assist you in obtaining just compensation

Electricians At Your Service – Repair – Service

We Have Everything You Need

Our company knows the importance of an immediate and speedy response. Everybody needs electricity. We use it every day. It plays a big part in our lives. It’s difficult to imagine life without it. Almost nothing important in our lives today runs without electricity. Our washing machines, fridge, lights, vacuum cleaner, mobiles and so on are dependent on electricity for them to be fully functional.

What would life be without our internet, favorite TV shows, elevators, and escalators? It’s going to be unthinkable if you ask me. It’s true that electricity is a recent invention but so are our electric stoves, electric trains, and electric cars and so on. Though they are fairly recent inventions they have become part of the daily lives of people who them.

The question is not how people before survived nicely without it but how the people who are used to it already will be able to adjust their lifestyle without it. It’s going to be very difficult. A one-day power failure causes too much discomfort as it is, how much more if it’s going to be permanent.

There are people who are encouraging us to use less electricity by engaging ourselves with activities that don’t use it. That’s excellent advice, but we know it’s like talking to the wind. More and more people are relying on modern technology in doing their job and passing their leisure time away.

With so much riding on electricity in accomplishing what we do every day, we should see to it that we have the right supplier and the connections are done properly and in good condition always. Electric current is very volatile. It can do a lot of good and at the same time if it’s not used properly it can also do a lot of damage. If you happen to suspect there’s something wrong with your power supply such as constant power fluctuation, it’s a sure sign that you need to call a professional electrician to help you fix the irregularity.

Don’t try to do it on your own. It’s a task only licensed electricians are allowed to do. Protect yourself from danger and your home as well. That’s our job. Our licensed electricians will take care of it immediately. You can reach us any time since we operate 24/7. We know how crucial it is to deal with the problem right away and for this reason, we are at your disposal any time you want our assistance.electricians

We are a full-fledged electric repair service and supply company. We have both the manpower and supplies to solve your problem. Whatever electrical parts happen to sustain damage we can replace them right away without waiting for stores to open. We also sell at very reasonable prices. We offer complete electrical service and you don’t have to deal with another company.

We are licensed to operate in the State of Texas. We follow the national, state, and local business codes. We are insured. All you have to do is contact us and we will do the rest.